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Chloasma

Fluctuating hormones can lead to a skin condition called chloasma which is also referred to as melasma. It is a common problem among women who are pregnant. This condition is so closely linked with pregnancy that it’s sometimes called the “mask of pregnancy.” It’s referred to as a mask because of the patchy areas of discoloration it produces. These discolored areas are due to increased production of melanin, the pigment that gives skin and hair its color. It’s most common in areas that are exposed to sunlight, especially the face.

What Causes It?

Chloasma is closely linked with pregnancy and fluctuations in hormones, but you don’t have to be pregnant or even a female to get it. Men can get it too, although less frequently. Women who are on birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy are more prone to this skin condition. Sun exposure plays a role since it’s most likely to affect areas exposed to sunlight like the face. Genetics are also a factor in determining who will acquire the condition.

In some cases, the patchy areas of pigmentation disappear after the baby is delivered or after stopping birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy, but the changes can also be persistent in some women and take years to fully resolve. Not surprisingly, most women don’t want to wait that long. Fortunately, there are treatments that can help.

Treatment

Sun protection is critical for treating chloasma since sunlight seems to play a role in triggering it. Use a sunscreen that protects against both UVA and UVB rays that can damage skin and increase melanin production. UVA rays can penetrate glass, so it’s important to wear it indoors and outdoors along with protective clothing and a hat.

One of the most reliable treatments for chloasma is a chemical called hydroquinone. It works by blocking the production of melanin. It also helps to lighten existing pigmented areas while preventing the formation of new ones. Another ingredient called kojic acid works in a manner similar to hydroquinone, by blocking melanin production. Both ingredients are proven to lighten pigmented skin, and they work even better when combined with glycolic acid, a weak acid that gently sloughs off the outer layer of dead skin cells. This sloughing action helps hydroquinone or kojic acid penetrate better, which makes them more effective for lightening areas of pigmentation.

Some products contain hydroquinone in combination with glycolic acid to maximize its pigment-lightening effect. Others contain kojic acid combined with glycolic acid in a hydroquinone-free formulations in order to lift and lighten darkly pigmented areas. Glycolic acid also improves the texture of skin, causing it to feel smoother and reflect light better.

Prescription-strength retinoids help to fade pigmented areas due to chloasma, but it can take 6 months or more to see improvement. Retinoids are also cause redness and skin irritation, which some people can’t tolerate. Another treatment that works in some cases is a series of facial peels using weak acids. Dermatologists do these treatments in their office, but it takes more than one peel to get visible lightening, and the treatments can be expensive.

Please note that many of the treatments mentioned contain ingredients that are not pregnancy-safe, and should only be used post-pregnancy.

The Bottom Line?

Chloasma is a challenging condition to treat, but hydroquinone or kojic acid combined with glycolic acid can lighten areas of pigmentation over time. These ingredients are also effective for treating age spots, liver spots and freckles. The key is to use these ingredients consistently along with adequate sun protection to prevent further melanin production and skin darkening.

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Chloasma Products

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This lightener restores an even skin tone by fading skin discolorations caused by the sun or hormones.
$25.00
1oz | PN020
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This concentrated formula targets and diminishes the appearance of discoloration for a more even skin tone.
$55.00
0.5oz | KS080
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Protect from UVA and UVB rays while reducing the appearance of dark spots, fine lines & wrinkles.
$42.00
1.7 oz | DG174
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This serum significantly boosts skin's radiance and evens skin tone.
$53.00
1oz | LP088
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Unveil beautiful, even skin tone. Visibly correct even stubborn dark spots.
$45.00
1oz | VH068
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Breakthrough serum fights the 3 main stages of dark spot development.
$53.00
1oz | LP113
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A daily dark spot correcting moisturizer with SPF 30.
$52.00
1oz | LP114
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This formula corrects, brightens and helps prevent the appearance of new dark spots.
$72.00
0.5 oz | DC217
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A dark mark treatment that reduces hyperpigmentation and restores luminosity.
$49.00
1.01oz | AE077
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Unveil a beautiful, more even skin tone and make dark spots appear less noticeable.
$19.99
0.5 oz | OF074
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Brightening serum helps fade dark spots and even out skin tone.
$55.00
1oz | BT146
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A fast-acting formula that pinpoints and fades stubborn dark spots and discolorations.
$52.00
0.3oz | IE095
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A treatment that helps to lighten dark spots and promote skin radiance.
$49.00
1.01oz | AE076
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Get brighter, more even skin in as little as four weeks.
$118.75
2 oz | SM093
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Proven anti-dark spot action in just 4 weeks.
$79.00
1oz | CP027
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An advanced lightening formula to diminish discoloration and improve overall skin health.
$80.00
1oz | SK036
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An all-over treatment that helps to fade sun damage, dark spots and acne scarring.
$88.00
1oz | DG147
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This targeted treatment serum treats and prevents pigmentation and damage caused by daily environmental exposure.
$60.00
1 oz | MR181
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A highly effective, safe, full-facial approach to reducing stubborn discolorations.
$90.00
1oz | SK096
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An ultra-concentrated quick absorbing serum that fades spots and evens skin tone.
$89.00
1.7oz | BR085
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This pigment treatment lightens and inhibits hyperpigmentation and age spots while exfoliating the skin.
$54.00
1oz | PH015
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A fast-acting formula that helps reduce hyperpigmentation and discoloration.
$90.00
1 oz | MR194
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This formula combats hyperpigmentation with hydroquinone and kojic acid.
$52.00
2oz | GT034
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A powerful anti-aging lightening treatment formulated target discoloration and hyperpigmentation.
$125.00
1 oz | IS045
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A skin brightening complex that reverses discolorations due to aging, sun damage and post-acne scarring.
$75.00
1 oz | PT209
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An advanced brightening formula that fades brown spots and refines skin tone.
$32.00
1oz | PN019
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Safely brighten your complexion with this drug-free hyperpigmentation corrector.
$60.00
1oz | AZ023
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$53.00
2 oz | MS010
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Address all signs of discoloration in the skin and give skin more youthful appearance.
$130.00
1.25 oz | IS044
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This powerful formula diminishes the appearance of discoloration for a more even skin tone.
$80.00
1oz | KS081
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A fast absorbing serum that is clinically proven to lighten darkened skin discolorations.
$64.00
1 oz | SG004
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Effectively brightens and lightens skin discolorations.
$56.00
1 oz | NS049
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Whitening moisturizer promotes even skin tone.
$110.00
1.7oz | BT138
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Helps to reduce the appearance of existing dark spots and prevent new ones.
NOW $60.30 REG $90.00
1 oz | EE208
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Visibly perfects skin tone and leaves skin looking energized, radiant and luminous.
$55.00
1 oz | PQ029
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Helps dramatically reduce the appearance of stubborn brown spots and wrinkles.
$55.00
0.5oz | PN065
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A powerful corrective serum that lightens and brightens skin.
$44.00
1.17 oz | RC039
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Daily treatment to brighten and help correct irregular pigmentation and dark spots.
$69.00
1.7 oz | ED011
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Powerful night treatment to help correct irregular pigmentation and dark spots.
$99.00
1 oz | ED010
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For powerful skin lightening and brightening without a prescription.
$48.00
0.5oz | CQ011
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A skin brightening treatment that improves all skin types.
$61.50
1oz | DV025
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This breakthrough formulation is proven to reduce all types of hyperpigmentation.
$52.00
1oz | PH054
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Refines skin's texture and increases hydration as it reveals a visibly brighter complexion.
$53.00
1.69oz | DC254
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Even out skin tone and reduce any discoloration with this oil-free serum
$50.95
0.5oz | KI032
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A brightening serum that mimics a laser treatment to target and correct skin discolorations.
$78.00
1oz | BT163
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A potent, effective lightener.
$51.00
0.5 oz | EM009
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Promotes a smoother, brighter complexion and provides intense hydration.
$65.00
1 oz | CS153
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An ultra-light serum that reduces dark spots and discoloration.
$106.50
1oz | PM108
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