Emblica Fruit (Phyllanthus emblica L.) is commonly known as Amla, Emblika, Aonla, Mirobalano, Emblic, Emblic mirobalan, or Indian gooseberry. Originating in the tropical areas of parts of India and Southeast Asia, the Emblica tree is relatively small to moderate in size, growing delicate looking leaves that appear almost lacy in texture. It produces a fruit that is bitter to the taste and contains high levels of vitamin C. The tree trunk of the Emblica fruit is usually crooked, while featuring a profusion of spreading branches. Blossoms are yellowish-green in coloring and the fruit itself is pale yellow in color. The fruit contains lupeol, emblicanin A and B, gibberellins, punigluconin, pedunculaginn, and glucoside, and offers a bitter taste, but it has been said that drinking water afterward creates a sweet taste in the mouth.
In Sanskrit, Emblica fruit is known as Amalaki. This word translates to the phrase, "the fruit where the goddess of prosperity presides." In India, the tree has been worshiped for its nourishing nature since ancient times. It has been said to symbolize “Earth Mother” and to nourish mankind.
Emblica Fruit has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries for the purposes of promoting a disease-free, healthy lifestyle. Ayurveda is the traditional health care system in place for India. Emblica fruit is included as a rejuvenating component of chyavanprash (an Ayurvedic jam) and triphala (an herbal blend). Due to the fact that it is sour and astringent in taste, it has been used frequently to minimize the presence of excessive salivation and relieve symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and lightheadedness. In traditional Chinese medicinal therapies, Emblica fruit has been used to heal inflammation of the throat and similar maladies.
Every part of the Emblica plant, including its seeds, leaves, fruit, and bark is utilized in medicinal formulations designed to treat flatulence, colic, peptic ulcers, leprosy, asthma, insomnia, anemia, diabetes, intermittent fevers, bronchitis, cardiac disorders, emaciation, hemorrhages, skin disorders, hyperactivity, anorexia, and inflammation. Part of the fruit has been used to treat inflammatory eye conditions, including conjunctivitis. In particular, fermented fruit of the Emblica tree has been used medicinally to treat dyspepsia, coughs, and jaundice. It can also be ingested as a laxative to relieve constipation.
Emblica fruit has been used to make poultices for the purpose of treating vertigo and headache as well as burning sensations experienced by the body. The roots are noted for emetic capabilities, and the bark of the roots has been used to alleviate the symptoms of ulcerative stomatitis, jaundice, and diarrhea. The leaves have been turned into a concoction that is designed to reduce fevers and inflammation, as well as alleviating the symptoms of dysentery, diarrhea, and dyspepsia.
Emblica fruit extract offers potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory capabilities. The fruit of this perennial tree contains amino acids, minerals, and high levels of vitamin C. This plant contains tannins, rutin, phenolic compounds, phyllembelic acid, and emblicol. The tannins have been credited with aiding in preventing damage due to oxidation.
Traditionally, Emblica fruit has been used for a variety of anti-diabetic, antibacterial, hypolipidemic, antioxidant, anti-ulcerogenic, diuretic, gastro-protective, cemo-preventive, and hepato-protective purposes and used in a wide-ranging span of capabilities, including as a laxative, emetic, aperient, carminative, stomachic, astringent, cardioprotectant, and hypoglycemic agent. Traditional medicine also made use of Emblica fruit in formulations designed to stimulate hair growth. While some studies exist, more are needed to determine whether or not the results are truly definitive of this particular source of botanical ingredients.
Emblica features chelating and enzyme-inhibiting properties, and as such, it is considered a powerful antioxidant. It offers stable antioxidant protection over long periods of time. Having been noted for its these capabilities, it is used in products designed to minimize the appearance of expression lines, wrinkles, freckles, dry skin, and discoloration such as age spots, Emblica fruit has found its way into the world of skincare and cosmetics.
Having been patented for use in cosmetic products, Emblica is commercially available and included in products aimed at skin protection. As a natural antioxidant, Emblica protects against free-radical damage and offers skin cells protection against damaging UV radiation. Emblica fruit is touted as an anti-aging ingredient with multi-functional capability. Supplements made from Emblica fruit which promote good stomach health and relieve dryness of the mouth and sore throat are typically found in pill or powder form.