All of the cleansers from MD Formulations were formulated to remove almost all traces of excess makeup, dirt, debris and other impurities. Moisturizers can be applied after cleansing without the use of additional products. However, some people rely on an additional step and feel that their skin benefits from this. MD Formulations Toners/Clarifiers are offered as an addition to the cleansing and purifying process. MD Formulations Toners/Clarifiers help to further decongest skin that is in extra need of a deep cleansing in addition to helping the skin prepare itself for additional the next steps such as moisturizing and treating.