Pal-KTTKS, chemically known as palmitoyl-pentapeptide 3, is an active ingredient found in cosmetics that diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Although Pal-KTTKS is a synthetic agent, it’s engineered from natural components - small protein fragments called peptides and palmitic acid. Here’s how peptides and palmitic acid are related to collagen formation, and why Pal-KTTKS is such an effective wrinkle fighter.
Peptides have always existed in the body and serve many roles. Some deliver hormones to organs, while others are natural pain relievers, and still others act as neurotransmitters. There are also peptides that are the building blocks of collagen, the protein that gives skin its strength and structure. When combined with the elasticity of another peptide-fueled protein - elastin - skin is able to bounce back from stretching, compression, and injury.
Scientifically speaking, peptides help bond amino acids together. If more than 50 amino acids are linked, a protein – like collagen - is formed. Even if less than 50 amino acids are linked, the compound is still considered a collagen protein, but just a smaller piece of one. Those with healthy collagen stores have skin that is firm, resilient, and youthful-looking. However, as the body ages, it stops producing collagen. And the collagen that is left begins to break down. Many stressors accelerate the process of collagen degrading - aging, hormones, an imbalanced diet, pollution, a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, and weight fluctuations. But one environmental factor does the most damage to collagen - the sun. Repeated and prolonged exposure to UV radiation will break down collagen at the cellular level resulting in skin that is wrinkled, unevenly pigmented, and less elastic.
Knowing that peptides power collagen, the beauty industry incorporated a man-made peptide formulation into their anti-aging products - Pal-KTTKS. Pal-KTTKS is derived from a chain of five amino acids - lysine-threonine-threonine-lysine-serine. Lysine is an essential amino acid that must be sourced from food. Fish, legumes, baked potatoes, and whole grains are all rich in lysine. Lysine has many functions, two of which include generating muscle tissue and helping the body heal. Threonine is also an essential amino acid found in food. Threonine keeps connective tissues and muscles both strong and flexible. Meats and chicken are good sources of threonine, as are beans, nuts, and some dairy products. Serine is a non-essential amino acid, and is therefore produced by the body. It plays a big part in brain function, most notably the central nervous system. And the final component of Pal-KTTKS is palmitic acid. Palmitic acid is a saturated fatty acid found in both animals and vegetables. It is particularly plentiful in palm oil. When palmitic acid is incorporated into a peptide chain, it allows that peptide chain to better penetrate the skin. Many topical skin care formulas include Pal-KTTKS.
The periorbital area is thinner-skinned and more delicate than other areas of the body. So aging, sun exposure, lack of sleep, and other collagen-sapping factors take more of a visible toll. Even those who are young can suffer from crow’s feet, dark circles, heavy eyelids and bags under the eyes. Pal-KTTKS-based eye creams and serums can be applied in the morning and before bedtime to stimulate collagen production. In addition to firming and brightening the eye area, Pal-KTTKS can smooth both fine lines and deep furrows. Instead of tired and puffy, the eye area has a more youthful appearance.
Pal-KTTKS has the same effect on the face, neck, and décolletage. Skin that is lined, sagging, hyperpigmented, and thinning can benefit from daily applications of a Pal-KTTKS-based product. These anti-aging skin care formulations include moisturizers, night creams, masks, and spot treatments. Research shows that Pal-KTTKS does create new tissue. By repairing damaged areas and producing new ones, skin looks firmer, has a smoother texture, and is more even-toned.
While other treatments such as Botox injections and chemical peels are used to combat wrinkles, there are risks associated with these procedures. Additionally, the improvement to lined skin is temporary. The regular use of Pal-KTTKS-based products deliver steady results. Another benefit of Pal-KTTKS is that it rarely causes irritation. If you do experience inflammation after use, stop using the product and consult your doctor.