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Skin Bumps

Bumps on the skin have a variety of causes. Some viruses, skin diseases, medical conditions and reactions to medications can cause them, but the most common cause of bumps on the face, neck and upper trunk is acne. In fact, the majority of teens and adolescents experience skin bumps due to acne at some point before they reach adulthood. Acne isn’t confined just to teens, adults get it too. Some adults continue to experience outbreaks of acne well into their forties.

There are several types of acne lesions. The typical acne pimple looks like a red bump on the surface of the skin. In some cases, it may look swollen and inflamed. This type of inflamed bump is more common with cystic acne. People with acne also form comedones, which are whiteheads or blackheads. These are hair follicles that are clogged but aren’t actively inflamed. They look like white or black dots on the skin.

What Causes Them?

Skin bumps or pimples due to acne appear when hair follicles become clogged. Around each follicle is a sebaceous gland that makes a sticky material called sebum. Sebum is produced to help moisten and protect the surface of the skin. When there’s too much sebum, it sticks to dead skin cells inside the follicle and causes the opening of the follicle called the pore to become clogged. Bacteria feed on the mixture of skin cells and sebum. This causes the immune system to attack the bacteria, leading to inflammation. This inflammation shows up as red skin bumps or pimples.

What causes sebum to be overproduced? The hormonal fluctuations that occur around puberty are mostly responsible, especially hormones called androgens. Androgens stimulate the production of sebum. Genetics also play a role in acne since it tends to run in families. Other factors that seem to play a role are stress, diet and overuse of cosmetics that clog pores.

Treatment

Treatment of skin bumps due to acne begins with proper cleansing. Use a gentle cleanser that’s oil-free and non-comedogenic. A cleanser formulated for acne is best. Cleanse twice a day using your hands or a washcloth to move the cleanser around on the skin. If you use a wash cloth, apply only light pressure. Too much pressure and rubbing will cause irritation, and this can increase oil production and the risk of outbreaks.

Non-prescription treatments like benzoyl peroxide and acne treatment products containing sulfur help to lower the population of bacteria on the skin and reduce the inflammation that leads to outbreaks. Sulfur also helps to open up pores by keeping the dead skin cells inside the follicle from clumping together. Some products contain a combination of benzoyl peroxide and sulfur, while some include another ingredient called salicylic acid.

Salicylic acid is a weak acid that helps to stimulate skin cell shedding. This helps to open up clogged pores. Salicylic acid is available in some skin care products used to treat acne. It’s effective, but some people experience skin irritation and redness when they first start using it. This acid is also effective for bumps caused by keratosis pilaris, a condition caused by excess keratin or protein in the skin. When the keratin builds up, the follicle becomes clogged and the result is bumps which are sometimes red in color. The bumps typically form on the back of the arms and legs but can also be present on other areas of the body as well as the face.

Prescription Treatments

When acne skin bumps persist despite non-prescription treatments, dermatologists often prescribe retinoids found in prescription products like Retin-A. Retinoids work by increasing the turnover of skin cells inside the follicles. This helps to open up clogged pores. It works well for this purpose, but it usually causes more skin irritation than salicylic acid. That’s why it’s important to try non-prescription treatments first. Some doctors also prescribe antibiotics for people with cystic acne to reduce bacteria, but, unfortunately, oral antibiotics have side effects.

Some dermatologists also offer chemical peels using weak acids like salicylic acid to treat acne. This requires a series of treatments to get the best results. Another relatively new treatment is blue light therapy. Dermatologists offer this service, but there are also hand-held devices that deliver blue light you can use at home. These devices work by shining blue light on the skin. Chemicals called porphyrins produced by acne-causing bacteria absorb the light and produce free radicals. This destroys the bacteria and reduces skin bumps and pimples due to acne.

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Skin Bumps Products

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An oil-free serum so potent it goes beyond acne to fight aging.
$88.00
1oz | SK076
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Helps to improve the appearance of problem skin.
$85.00
30 ct | NV158
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This product provides a dramatic improvement in the skin's appearance, feel, and function.
$28.00
4 oz | PN003
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A replacement brush head duo for acne-prone skin.
$44.00 $54.00 value
2 ct | CS072
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A fast-acting, on-the-spot treatment that helps to clear up pimples and significantly reduce redness.
$24.00
1oz | KS018
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The Mia 2 with a brush head and cleanser targeted for acneic skin.
$169.00
1 ct | CS069
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Get smoother, clearer skin in only a few minutes a day with this blue LED device.
$595.00
1 ct | QL012
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A decongesting cleansing gel recommended for oily or problematic skin.
$38.00
8 oz | SK070
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Calms irritated and stressed skin and reduces blemishes with blue LED.
$349.00
1 ct | QL002
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A lightweight moisturizer that is perfect for combination, oily or acne prone skin.
$53.20
2 oz | SM088
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Removes dirt, debris, makeup and excess oil with 2% Salicylic Acid.
$39.00
4 oz | OB055
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A spot treatment that rids of blemishes and ingrown hairs.
$28.00
1.18 oz | RC052
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Quickly and efficiently clear acne blemishes while preventing future breakouts.
$81.00
1.6 oz | OB047
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This exfoliating toner removes excess residue and dead skin cells, leaving your skin with a beautiful glow.
$38.00
8 oz | SK073
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An acne treatment that helps to reduce blemishes and inflammation.
$36.95
1.35 oz | LP083
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Reduce breakouts from the inside by 55% in six weeks with this scientifically proven complex.
$43.00
120 ct | MR014
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Four replacement brush heads for acne-prone skin.
$88.00 $108.00 value
4 ct | CSPK70
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Adult Anti-Acne System is a clinically proven three-step regimen to reduce sebum and improve fine lines.
$130.00 $164.00 value
SK103
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A pure facial wash that leaves skin clear and refined, without over-drying.
$22.00
6.5oz | BC021
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Specifically formulated for acne-prone skin.
$34.00
5oz | SK043
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An exfoliating and acne-minimizing mask that leaves you with magically glowing skin.
$69.00
1.2 oz | GG002
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This treatment clears acne blemishes, refines texture, and prevents reoccurrence of acne imperfections.
$31.00
1.01oz | LP086
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Reduces blemishes and blackheads while it soothes.
$17.00
60 ct | TP041
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Exclusively formulated to clear up blackheads, refine pores and reduce the appearance of fine lines.
$40.00
60 ct | PT074
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A cleansing bar that reduces breakouts and inflammation.
$42.00
4oz | RC050
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Manage breakouts and put your best face forward.
$29.50 $39.00 value
BC052
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Deeply cleanse, exfoliate and renew pores in 1 easy step.
$15.00
30 ct | OL099
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A brush head for acne-prone skin to be used with any Clarisonic device.
$27.00
1 ct | CS071
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Strong detoxifying, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory action in an easy roll pen applicator.
$19.00
0.21 oz | SP007
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This light, hydrating formulation contains antioxidants and provides exceptional calming benefits to oily and breakout-prone skin.
$37.00
1.7 oz | PH010
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Clinically proven to quickly clear acne, helping you maintain clear, healthy skin.
$143.00
OB039
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A pure facial wash that leaves skin clear and refined, without over-drying.
$42.00 $44.00 value
13 oz | BCPK05
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This serum effectively tightens pores and boosts skin renewal, evening texture and tone.
$45.00
1oz | LP087
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An anti-bacterial mask that fights off blemishes with Ginger and Shiso.
$28.00
4 ct | KA004
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Exfoliates dead skin cells and dries and clears blemishes.
$40.00
5 oz | PT099
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This moisturizer keeps oil production in check while providing anti-aging benefits.
$65.00
1.7 oz | KS019
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Heal and reduce breakouts on blemish-prone or troubled skin.
$98.80
SM063
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An exfoliating gel that helps to combat stubborn blemishes.
$28.00
3.3 oz | PN007
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Skin Accumax® is a scientifically advanced nutritional supplement.
$115.00
120 ct | JI582
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A 3-step system inspired by dermatologists' treatment protocols.
$29.99 $48.00 value
LP110
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An effective system for combating acne, blackheads and enlarged pores.
$47.00
PN012
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A nighttime treatment to reduce breakouts and inflammation.
$54.00
1.17 oz | RC099
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A spot treatment pad that addresses acne and soothes ingrown hairs and razor burn.
$30.00
45 ct | RC077
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Fights acne and reduces fine lines.
$32.00
6.75 oz | MR161
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Delivers skin toning and astringent benefits.
$20.00
60 ct | TP034
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Clear acne blemishes, reduce inflammation and prevent reoccurrence of acne imperfections.
$64.50 $67.95 value
LPPK08
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A powerful gel cleanser that combats acne and skin breakouts.
$35.00 $46.00 value
12oz | MR214
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A blemish treatment that helps to heal and conceal blemishes with sulfur.
$18.00
0.03 oz | BE573
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