The common domesticated apple was originally classified as Pyrus malus when the scientific Latin-based binomial system of naming species was first introduced in the 18th century. By the 19th century, the apple was re-classified as Malus domestica, but the term Pyrus malus is still often used in ingredient lists when apple extracts are used in skin care products. The apple has been a source of food and healing products since the dawn of human civilization. Botanists believe that all of the current cultivars (or types) of apples grown today -- which number at least 7,500 named types of apples - originated in the European crab apple tree. Today, apples are the single greatest fruit crop grown in the world, produced for its healthful food and medicinal qualities.
Since ancient times, the apple has held special symbolism throughout many cultures. The apple was blamed for the original fall of Adam and Eve and their eviction from the Garden of Eden. The Greeks used the concept of a golden apple as the cause of the Trojan War -- a young prince, named Paris, from that city-state was asked to award a golden apple to the most beautiful woman at a wedding. Still, despite such an occasionally troublesome reputation, the apple has been honored and treasured for thousands of years. Alexander the Great, during his invasion of India, took the time to collect samples of dwarf apple trees and send them back to his teacher, Aristotle, in Greece. Although native to the Old World, the apple tree was one of the first species introduced into the Americas by European settlers. John Chapman - known by his nickname Johnny Appleseed" - famously spent the last years of his life planting apple trees in the Midwest part of the United States. The Welsh