What is Chloasma?
Chloasma, which is also referred to as melasma, is a common problem among women who are pregnant with fluctuating hormones and is sometimes called "the mask of pregnancy" due to the patchy areas of discoloration it produces.
These discolored areas are due to increased production of melanin, the pigment that gives skin and hair its color. It’s most common in areas that are exposed to sunlight, especially the face.
Chloasma is closely linked with pregnancy and fluctuations in hormones, but you don’t have to be pregnant or even a female to get it. Men can get it too, although less frequently. Women who are on birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy are more prone to this skin condition. Sun exposure plays a role since it’s most likely to affect areas exposed to sunlight like the face. Genetics are also a factor in determining who will acquire the condition.
Sun protecting using a sunscreen that protects against both UVA and UVB rays is critical. Other treatments include Hydroquione, retinoids, lightening ingredients, and AHA. However any of these ingredients cannot be used during pregnancy or while lactating. Always check with your dermatologist.