This step addresses specific concerns you may have or want to prevent such as sun damage, dark spots, lines/wrinkles, acne, etc. Generally, you apply a targeted treatment before your moisturizer, but make sure to follow the directions listed on the product.
Every morning use an antioxidant serum under your moisturizer to help prevent free radical damage from occurring on the skin. Free radical damage comes from a number of factors such as UV exposure, pollution, smoking, not eating a perfect diet and even disease or illnesses. It can cause the skin to look prematurely aged.
Normal to dry skin can still be prone to congestion or acne. It’s common for someone over 30 to experience acne, but not have oily skin. When treating acne, be sure to use products that are targeted for acne AND dry or normal skin so you don’t deplete the skin of necessary oils. If you are using a spot treatment that dries your skin, such as benzoyl peroxide or sulfur, you can apply the spot treatment over your moisturizer, but under your SPF. (Spot treatments are generally made with an oily skin type in mind.)
There are many anti-aging treatments designed to prevent and repair aging skin. Exfoliation will help, but it’s wise to also use products containing repairing ingredients such as peptides and retinol to minimize lines and wrinkles and help with loss of elasticity. These are best used at night, which is when your skin goes through its reparative cycle. Note, that sunscreen must be worn daily when using a retinol based product.
Hyperpigmentation or dark spots can be hormonal, from past acne, or from sun damage. This can be treated with a product that is specifically labeled for lightening the skin. It’s important to note that if you use a product with hydroquinone, you must take a break from using the product after 3 months.
Masks are a great supplement for achieving specific skincare goals. They address anything from lightening and brightening to acne and anti-aging concerns. They can even help repair your skin’s barrier, if dehydrated or chronically dry skin is an issue. These targeted treatments are generally used 1–3 times a week, depending on the type of mask you choose.
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